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产品介绍:
中国民乐袖珍乐器——琵琶

详细说明

规格:

280mm

包装类型:

精美礼盒

彈撥樂器琵琶初名「批把」,東漢劉熙曾書曰:「批把本出於胡中,馬上所鼓也,推手前曰批,引手卻曰把,象其鼓時,因以為名」,指出係以其彈奏方法而得名。在秦朝(221-207B.C.)時,人民已創造出一種直柄、圓形音箱、豎抱演奏的彈撥樂器,名「弦撥」,到漢時定型為四弦十二品味,用手彈撥的樂器,稱「琵琶」。西元四世紀以後,隨著與西域文化的交流,有一種半梨形音箱、曲項、四弦四柱,橫置胸前用撥或用手彈奏的琵琶傳入內地。唐、宋以來,人們在這兩種琵琶的基礎上不斷改進,形成一個半梨形音箱,以薄桐木板蒙面,琴頭向後彎曲,琴杵與琴面上設四相九至十三品,張四弦的琵琶,用手或義甲彈撥。隨後,其演奏技法逐漸發展和豐富,成為既能獨奏,又能伴奏和參加合奏的重要民族樂器。<BR>  現代琵琶則有了更大的發展,由原本之絲弦改為尼龍纏鋼絲弦,六相、品味增加到二十三至二十五個,可奏十二個半音,可轉十二個調,擴大了音域和音量,而且音色清脆明亮,從而提高了琵琶的表現力。現代琵琶的演奏型式有器樂合奏、重奏和獨奏,也常用於歌唱、曲藝、戲曲和歌舞等的伴奏。<BR>  琵琶藝術在長期流傳中有很大發展,十九世紀初有第一部譜本【琵琶譜】出版,編者是華文彬(1784-1859),字秋苹,無錫人,於1818年刊印成書,共計大曲六曲、小曲六十二曲。至十九世紀末,方有第二部琵琶譜【南北派十三套大曲琵琶新譜】(1895年序)出版,編者李祖棻,號芳園,自稱「琵琶癖」,其曲目有《陽春古曲》、《將軍令》、《霸王卸甲》、《十面埋伏》、《海青拿天鵝》、《平沙落雁》、《月兒高》、《漢宮秋月》、《青蓮樂府》等曲目流傳,為後世琵琶譜集編印的一大貢獻。<BR>  Chinese traditional music instrument pipa was named in its performing manner refer to a historical description in the Western Han Dynasty (25-220 A.D.) by Liu xi. It is said the ancient Chinese had created a musical instrument in a similar shape and same held manner as pipa early in their Qin Dynasty (221-207B.C.), then it fell into a pattern of four strings and twelve musical scales which was performed with striking and plunking by fingers and named pipa in the Han Dynasty.&nbsp; <BR>  About in the 4th century, there were another instrument similar to Chinese ancient pipa was introduced in from western neighbor country with some different shape but another held manner. The pipa players then kept on improving this instrument based on these two kind of ancient pipa in the following thousand years and made very much progress to be a four-stringed powerful plunk instrument with twenty four musicales. By the way, the pipa performance was also developed with diverse highly professional techniques, which led to a capacity as plenty of expressions. Thus the pipa had played a very important role early in the history of Chinese traditional music.<BR>  It was in beginning of the 19th century, the first one pipa textbook by Mr. Hua Wenbin published in 1818. There were 6 pipa suites and 62 traditional pieces included in that book. Then it was never till the end of the 19th century, a second pipa textbook published and made a grand contribution and deep influence to the following pipa players. This renowned book named ‘The new version of thirteen representative pipa suites to both southern and northern factions’ and edited by Mr. Li Fangyuan.
市场零售价: 640.00
批发价格: 0.00
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